The Odd And Massive Steps of Ollantaytambo

The Odd And Massive Steps of Ollantaytambo


Ollantaytambo is one of the most visually befuddling sights in Peru. When one examines this territory, which is supposed to be the Incas’, at a height of 2,792 meters above sea level, it’s practically impossible to believe that the Incan civilisation, with its limited technological skills, could have erected such a site.

According to scholars, Ollantaytambo was Emperor Pachacuti’s royal estate during the Inca Empire, and once he conquered the region, he built the town and its ceremonial center.

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It is such an exceptional, strategically located structure that it served as a fortification for Manco Inca Yupanqui, the Inca resistance leader during the Spanish conquest.

The area has since been dubbed the Sacred Valley of the Incas and has become a renowned tourist attraction. However, as we’ve addressed on our channel several times, how could a civilisation create such beautiful building at such a brief age?

Additionally, why did they build some of these websites in the first place, and what purpose did they serve? Some of the ruins in Peru, most notably at Ollantaytambo, raise the question of whether they were constructed for human purpose. If the gigantic staircases cut into the hillside were intended for human use, for example, why were they constructed on such massive scales?

Around the mid-15th century, the Incan ruler Pachacuti “conquered” Ollantaytambo and the surrounding land, according to mythology. All of this was accounted for in his personal estate.

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The king thereafter claims to have lavishly repaired the town and skilfully terraced and irrigated the Urubamba Valley… Notable is the fact that this was accomplished without any prior knowledge of these processes…

The main settlement of Ollantaytambo is arranged orthogonally, with four longitudinal streets connected by seven parallel streets. The grid’s core is a wide plaza, open to the east and surrounded on three sides by halls and other town blocks. The city’s northern side features a more diverse collection of architectural types.

Surprisingly, the degree of erosion has made it impossible to detect the original patterns, possibly suggesting their true antiquity. Were giants able to use these gigantic ledge steps in the past? Or possibly it served a similar role as the old Morray site?


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According to Morray, who also claimed to be Incan, this mind-boggling sight served an incredible purpose.

The creators of this colossal structure appear to have been horticulturists. They’d discovered that by orienting these raised ledges in precise directions relative to the seasonal winds and light, they could progressively adapt plants that were previously unsuited to the location over many generations.

Perhaps this was Ollantaytambo’s intention. Moray is a little-known figure in academia, and its existence and former function are difficult to explain using current paradigms. And, while the places are not giants, we feel they were once equally impressive.

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