Frederic Norden, a Danish navy commander and explorer, was as fascinated by the ancient Egyptian civilization as we all are.
He traveled to Egypt in 1700 and made comprehensive notes, observations, and drawings on everything he saw, including monuments, people, maps, and architecture. All of this rich information was published after his death in a book titled “Voyage D’Egypte et de Nubie.” He died in 1702.
Even today, the entire world is fascinated by Egypt’s mysteries, the ancient Egyptian culture, and the architectural and scientific achievements of the ancient Egyptian civilization. The perfection of the pyramids has captured our attention. When we think of Egypt, we can’t help but think about the pyramids of Giza, which stand on the plateau.
On the Giza plateau, we know that there are three pyramids, but ancient records suggest that there was a fourth pyramid that was separate from those already known.
The fourth pyramid was built “from a stone that was blacker than usual granite and more difficult to deal with,” according to the author.
In his book, Frederic Norden discusses the fourth pyramid and shows how it is represented on a map. On page 120 of the book, he penned the following:
“The major pyramids of Giza are located in the east and south-east of the city…
There are four of them, and they are the ones who get the most attention from those who are passing by. The two pyramids further north are the tallest, standing at a combined height of 500 feet. “The other two are much smaller, but they have certain unique properties,” says the author.
“It does not have a covering and is comparable in appearance to the others. There is one distinctive characteristic about it, however: the summit is crowned with a single enormous stone that looks to have acted as a pedestal at one time. The summit is made of a yellowish stone that has been polished. It is also situated outside of the other teams’ defensive lines, further to the western.”
A growing number of Egyptologists, historians, and scholars are dismissive of the theory that there is a fourth pyramid, arguing that Norden mistaken the “satellite” pyramid of Menakure for the fourth one. On the other hand, the fourth pyramid is shown by Norden as being composed of a darker stone, and the “satellite” pyramid is composed of sandstone.
Despite the fact that the drawings and writings of Norden are fairly precise, they are of great quality, and he describes the fourth black pyramid as being distinct from the other three Giza pyramids. Norden also named the other seven or eight minor pyramids on the Giza plateau, which he considered to be important.
Here’s the full video: