Category Archives: Archeology

The Mysterious Pyramid of Scotland’s Cairngorms National Park

Scotland may be the least probable area to witness this type of archaic architectural structure. Still, believe it or not, a pyramid may be found in Scotland’s Cairngorms National Park, serving as a fascinating royal and historical landmark.

The area, set among the Scottish forests, is often popular with visitors due to its captivating ancient Middle-Aged castle ruins and antiquities.

Meanwhile, this mystery Scottish pyramid has ties to the royal family. In truth, it is one of the 11 Scottish Cairns, a carefully arranged collection of stones erected to honor members of the British Royal Family. The pyramid in question, in particular, was created to represent Queen Victoria’s love for Prince Albert.

This is the largest of the 11 Cairns, created following Prince Albert’s death as a memorial to his life and love of the great outdoors. It is situated in the heart of the Cairngorms National Park, just past the Balmoral Royal Estate in Aberdeenshire.

From afar, the edifice is stunningly gorgeous, and it is surrounded by a tranquil and verdant wooded forest. It takes a little climbing up into the Cairngorms to get to the pyramid and witness the exquisite arrangement of stones for yourself, but it’s well worth the journey for the interesting views in Scotland.

Make sure to stop and take breaks while you trek through the Cairngorms, as the natural views and sounds you’ll encounter along the journey are incomparable and soul-soothing. As you approach the pyramid, take in nature’s splendor.

There are several ways to reach there, but it’s best to take the circle through the woods, which will gradually take you up the hiking trail where you’ll find the other, much smaller cairns dedicated to Queen Victoria and Prince Albert’s children.

Here’s the video:

Perfectly Preserved Mammoth Bone Dwellings Discovered in Ukraine Could Be the Earliest Examples Of Architecture

Huts made of mammoth bones discovered in Ukraine’s Dniepr river valley (as well as in Moravia, the Czech Republic, and southern Poland) may represent the first structures created by prehistoric man, and hence the earliest instances of architecture.

Perfectly Preserved Mammoth Bone Dwellings Discovered in Ukraine Could Be the Earliest Examples Of Architecture
The mammoth homes discovered in Mezhyrich, Ukraine, may be the earliest example of domed building, dating back up to 25,000 years. “Mammoth House,” as seen in Summer 2013 at the “Frozen Woolly Mammoth Yuka Exhibit” in Yokoyama, Japan. Image credit: NANDARO/WIKIMEDIA COMMONS/CC BY-SA 3.0

Some of the most remarkable of these mammoth bone dwellings were discovered in Mezhyrich, a town in central Ukraine, when a farmer dug up a mammoth’s lower jawbone while building his cellar in 1965. Additional digs showed the presence of four archaic homes made up of 149 mammoth bones.

These shelters are regarded to be among of the oldest homes known to have been erected by prehistoric man, and are commonly assigned to Cro-Magnons.

“They are made up of hundreds of bones and tusks placed in a rough circle 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft) in diameter.” A fireplace is usually located towards the middle of the previous residence, and stone tools and other detritus are strewn about the inside and exterior of the structure. Near the dwellings, large pits containing stone tools, bone pieces, and ash have been discovered.

2 Perfectly Preserved Mammoth Bone Dwellings Discovered in Ukraine Could Be the Earliest Examples Of Architecture
Artist’s rendering of a mammoth-bone home near Mezhirich, Ukraine. Doln Vstonice Museum is the source.

“A significant amount of work must have been required to build these structures.” Large mammoth bones can weigh hundreds of pounds even when dried. The bones and tusks may have been retrieved after hunting events in which entire herds of adult mammoths and their young were slain. A more plausible hypothesis is that they were collected from natural bone accumulations around the locations, maybe at the mouths of streams and gullies. The major aim of the mammoth-bone homes, which were apparently covered with animal skins, was most likely to provide protection from intense cold and powerful winds. Some archaeologists, struck by the buildings’ grandeur and look, have postulated that they might have religious or social significance. As evidence of greater social complexity and rank difference during the latter period of the Ice Age, they have been regarded as the oldest examples of “monumental architecture.” (From Paul G. Bahn’s (ed.) 100 Great Archaeological Discoveries [1995], pp. 54-55.)

3 Perfectly Preserved Mammoth Bone Dwellings Discovered in Ukraine Could Be the Earliest Examples Of Architecture
Mammoth bone habitation. Reconstruction based on Mezhirich’s example. Exhibit at Tokyo’s National Museum of Nature and Science. Image credit: Momotarou2012/WIKIMEDIA COMMONS/CC BY-SA 3.0

Other intriguing artefacts discovered on the site include a map etched into a bone, possibly depicting the area surrounding the town. The remnants of a “drum” fashioned of a mammoth skull decorated with a pattern of red ochre dots and lines, as well as amber jewelry and fossil shells, were also uncovered.

Strange UFO Sighting in Antarctica Because of Satellite Images

We were able to locate what looks to be another another disk-shaped UFO in Antarctica thanks to recent satellite photographs. Antarctica, as we all know, is a very intriguing area to say the least.

There are several hypotheses that surround it, which we will not get into today, but what we will focus on is the latest UFO sighting beneath the ice of the Frozen Continent.

However, thanks to tools like Google Earth, we’ve been able to locate a lot of findings here without having to risk our lives visiting the area ourselves.

2 Strange UFO Sighting in Antarctica Because of Satellite Images

This is how the discoveries of today came about. As you can see from the caption and the image, Google Earth revealed what seemed to be a UFO buried beneath the snow and ice of Antarctica.

This finding was discovered by a UFO seeker who stated that it is plainly metallic and manmade in origin. Not only that, but the same program claimed to have found the location of the UFO, which they dubbed “Graham Land.”

3 Strange UFO Sighting in Antarctica Because of Satellite Images

The UFO looks to be either submerged deep beneath the snow and ice or, according to some, camouflaging itself away from mankind.

Because global warming is such a huge component in our globe right now, it’s very obvious that it’s one of the reasons why so many new UFOs are being observed in Antarctica to begin with.

It is estimated to be 12 meters in circumference and certainly extraterrestrial technology.

GENETICISTS IN NEW ZEALAND DEMONSTRATE THAT THE SAME “RED HAIRED GIANTS” LIVED IN NEW ZEALAND AND PERU.

Before the advent of the Maori Polynesians, the towering red-haired, blue-eyed Caucasians resided in New Zealand and were the Spanish’s principal supporters when they attacked the Inca Empire. They were Indo-Europeans who originated in the same region of Western Asia as the Peruvian chicken’s progenitor.

They became a Maori clan, and their descendants still exist in New Zealand today. The Red-haired Maori, as white New Zealanders refer to them, share the same bloodlines as the Paracus People of Peru, who created the fieldstone effigies on the Nazca Plain.

They did not construct the Nazca Lines. The red-haired Caucasians were known as Chachapoya by the time Pizzaro’s Conquistadors arrived. In the Upper Amazon Basin, they had established a great civilisation.

The discovery of the Chaucilla Paracas Cemetery enabled the genetic finding. DNA samples were extracted from Paracus mummies and compared to modern Red Maori and some early Red Maori bones.

This data is directly applicable to Muskogeans. If you recall, the original name of the proto-Cree aristocratic family was Paracusi-ti, which means “Paracus People.” The high kings may stand up to seven feet tall. Overall, the Paracusa and Chapapoyas were not real giants, but stood around the same height as the Creek People today.

2 GENETICISTS IN NEW ZEALAND DEMONSTRATE THAT THE SAME RED HAIRED GIANTS LIVED IN NEW ZEALAND AND PERU

Long before the advent of the Polynesians, the red-haired indigenous inhabitants of New Zealand created terrace complexes. They appear to have also introduced this form of cultivation to Peru. So, while the Polynesians did not create the Andean Civilizations, Indo-Europeans who subsequently settled in the South Pacific did have a significant impact in Native American cultural evolution.

The population shift was for red-haired individuals from South America to the west, not for Polynesians to the east. The Wind Clan of the Creek People were the descendants of the Paracus in the Southeast.
Take note of the “pa” in the name Maori Pa. It has the same meaning in Chontal Maya and Hitchiti Creek as “pa.” In Mvskoke-Creek, the equivalent is “fa.” The obvious next step is to collect Creek DNA samples and compare them to Chachapoya and Red Maori DNA.

The scientific documentary below was created for New Zealand Public Television.

World Powers Could “Rescue” a Possible Alien UFO

Mars satellite images have shown a strange anomaly on the planet’s surface that is more than 182 meters wide and may be “recovered.”

2 World Powers Could Rescue a Possible Alien UFO

Images of the spacecraft on Mars’ surface.

Using satellite images, researchers discovered a strange anomaly in the Martian soil. This anomaly, which has a diameter of more than 182 meters, is supposed to be an alien spaceship.

The most astonishing part, though, is that some theorists believe world powers may “recover it.” Bringing it to Earth and utilizing its technologies will be conceivable.

A spacecraft has been discovered on Mars.

Artificial structures have already been discovered on the surface of Mars and the Moon. For years, there has been speculation about who owns this technology and, more crucially, if it has been seized by international powers.

Obviously, the technology needed to transport a crew to Mars must exist on Earth in order for this to be possible. As a result, it is believed that these improvements were employed not only to transport UFOs to the earth, but also to reverse engineer them.

The item, which is shaped like a heart, looks to be in perfect condition. There are only a few scratches and dents on the case.

Because of the power it bestows, this would make the thing a “valued treasure.” The UFO was discovered according to YouTube user UFOvni2012.

In the video, he claims that the original photo was taken on October 16, 2000 by NASA’s Mars Global Surveyor. One of the rovers with the finest imaging capabilities. So, pareidolia has been ruled out.

Is there a NASA cover-up going on?

3 World Powers Could Rescue a Possible Alien UFO

Steve Wingate is the most outspoken supporter of the UFO on Mars idea.

The user also mentioned that the ship’s landing runways, which were lengthy and upturned, were left behind. This merely indicates that the ship did not collide with the ground, but instead landed gently.

One of the world’s largest and strangest geological structures, Medusae Fossae, might be its habitat.

It is projected to be 965 kilometers long and spans Mars’ equator. Furthermore, the terrain has been worn down by constant winds and storms, giving it a smooth appearance.

It’s difficult to understand how the spacecraft ended up half-buried behind a shallow sand dune on Mars’ surface.

As a result, experts have pondered on whether this spaceship, which looks to be in good operational order, may be retrieved. If this is the case, you may be able to discover more about the ship’s technology and crew.

The image was discovered in a stack of photographs delivered to Earth by MGS, and it piqued the interest of NASA imaging expert Steve Wingate.

Wingate worked hard to get the unusual photos out there, but for whatever reason, it hasn’t gotten the attention it deserves.

The image has been removed from NASA’s website several times, yet the original is still kept on NASA’s servers.

So far, the space agency has been mute on the matter. Theorists continue to speculate about the spaceship and whether or not one of the world’s powers will chase it.

Here’s the video:

In Minnesota, quarry workers discovered a strange 10 foot tall ancient skeleton.

More than 150 years ago, workers from the Sauk Rapids Water Power Co. discovered the bones of a 10-foot-tall giant on the Mississippi River’s shores.

According to the authors of the discovery report, it was “the largest skeleton ever unearthed on Earth.”

2 In Minnesota quarry workers discovered a strange 10 foot tall ancient skeleton

Surprisingly, the bones were not found until the next day. It was reported that the bones were carried by train and sold to a circus. What happened to the bones? Was it all part of a cover-up orchestrated by the ruling class to keep the entire scandal hidden?

Workmen uncovered “the bones of a human body of enormous dimensions stuck in solid granite rock,” according to government reports.

The burial depth was estimated to be roughly 2 feet below the river’s level.

Nobody knows for sure if the story is true or not now, more than 150 years later. According to Mary Ostby, the entire scenario was true.

Whatever the case may be, the story of the workers discovering the bones of a giant has captivated people all around the world, and it is up to you to believe it or not, as they say.

Here’s the full video:

A 50kg silver bar discovered in Madagascar might be the Treasure of Notorious Pirate Captain Kidd.

Underwater explorers in Madagascar discovered an extraordinary discovery: a 50 kilogram slab of silver with inscriptions, which is now being guarded on Sainte Marie island off Madagascar’s east coast. The significant loot may have come from the wreckage of a pirate ship owned by famed Scottish pirate William Kidd.

The silver bar was discovered in shallow seas off Sainte Marie island by a combined UK-US archaeological effort directed by Barry Clifford, an underwater investigator who discovered the wreckage of William Kidd’s ship Adventure Galley in 2000.

The bar is inscribed on one side with a ‘T’ and a ‘S,’ and on the other with characters and numerals, the meaning of which is now unclear.

2 A 50kg silver bar discovered in Madagascar might be the Treasure of Notorious Pirate Captain Kidd
The 50kg silver bar found off the coast of Madagascar. Credit: Presidence de la Republique de Madagascar.

Clifford is certain that the riches originated from Captain William Kidd’s shipwreck.

Captain William Kidd (1645–1701) was a Scottish sailor who was convicted and hanged for piracy after returning from an Indian Ocean trip. He is widely regarded as either one of history’s most legendary pirates or one of its most unfairly persecuted and punished privateers. The latter viewpoint stems from the fact that, while his acts were apparently less damaging and lucrative than those of other pirates, he met a pretty gruesome end — he was hanged twice (the first attempt failed), before being coated in tar and hanging from a gibbet over the Thames.

3 A 50kg silver bar discovered in Madagascar might be the Treasure of Notorious Pirate Captain Kidd
Captain Kidd hanging from a gibbet over the River Thames ( Wikimedia Commons )

“The son of a Presbyterian minister, Kidd was a buccaneer and captain for a private British ship in the Caribbean for some years until deciding that piracy was more gratifying after he was commissioned to cruise to Madagascar aboard the Adventure Galley,” according to The Guardian. “His most famous capture was the Quedah Merchant, a 400-tonne ship carrying bullion, silk, gold, sugar, opium, and fabric.”

4 A 50kg silver bar discovered in Madagascar might be the Treasure of Notorious Pirate Captain Kidd
‘Captain Kidd in New York Harbor’ by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris, 1863–1930 ( Wikimedia Commons )

When Captain Kidd realized that he was sought as a pirate, he hid part of his loot on Gardiners Island in the hopes of using his knowledge of its location as a negotiating chip. Kidd’s loot was finally retrieved from Gardiners Island in a location known as Cherry Tree Field, but it was transferred to England to be used as evidence against him.

Kidd was apprehended in Boston in 1699 and imprisoned at Newgate. The riches discovered aboard his ship was valued at £30,000 (about £10 million today), but the rest of his loot was never discovered. The assumption that Kidd left buried riches contributed significantly to the legend’s expansion, as well as providing fuel to ongoing treasure hunts in locations Kidd is known to have visited.

5 A 50kg silver bar discovered in Madagascar might be the Treasure of Notorious Pirate Captain Kidd
Illustration of pirate captain William Kidd’s supervision of the burial of his treasure at Gardiner’s Island ( Wikimedia Commons )

According to the BBC, “there is a lot of enthusiasm in Madagascar over the find, and Mr Clifford’s team has no doubt that it’s real.”

The silver bar, which was handed to Madagascar’s President in a special ceremony on Sainte Marie Island, is supposed to have originated in Bolivia, while the ship is likely to have been constructed in England. Work will now be done to determine the origin of the riches.

The featured image shows a 50kg silver bar discovered off the coast of Madagascar that is considered to be Captain Kidd’s. Photo credit: Madagascar’s Presidency of the Republic.

By April Holloway

Shipwrecks from the 16th century discovered off the coast of Cape Canaveral are linked to a long-lost French colony.

A private treasure salvaging business claims to have discovered a shipwreck buried in sand under the ocean off the coast of Cape Canaveral that might be related to the lost French settlement of Fort Caroline.

Global Marine Exploration Inc. uncovered scattered evidence of a historic wreck, including three French bronze cannons, at least one of which had marks from the colony’s period, and a French granite monument emblazoned with that country’s coat of arms.

The monument is comparable to the one built near the mouth of the St. Johns River in 1562 by French commander Jean Ribault to establish his nation’s claim to Florida. Its location have been a source of consternation for ages.

Details are hazy since the items are still buried beneath the sand until the right licenses can be secured.

Even still, the discovery is remarkable, according to University of North Florida archaeologist Robert “Buzz” Thunen, who was not involved in the hunt.

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In the shallow waters off Cape Canaveral, the tail end of a bronze cannon is shown. The muzzle of front is on the other end, still buried in the sand [Credit: Global Marine Exploration, Inc.]

Ribault set off to assault the new Spanish colony of St. Augustine, but was forced south by a hurricane, and his ships were destroyed. During the hurricane, the Spanish marched to Fort Caroline and wiped it down, establishing firm control of Florida.

So, might the wreckage discovered off the coast of Cape Canaveral be from the missing French fleet?

That has yet to be determined.

GME president and CEO Robert H. Pritchett first believed his workers had discovered one or two of Ribault’s four ships. However, he now believes they were Spanish or maybe English commerce boats, based on the size of anchors discovered nearby, which indicate they were from ships much larger than Ribault’s.

“Those (French) ships couldn’t have been it,” he reasoned.

However, he believes it is almost clear that those ships were transporting things from the captured French fort to the Spanish stronghold in Cuba.

Among these are the stone monument and the guns. According to Pritchett, one of the swords bears insignia from the period of French King Henry II, putting it between 1547 and 1559.

12 anchors, a grinding wheel, ballast, and ammunition were also discovered.

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Marble monument is engraved with the coat of arms of the king of France, featuring three fleur-de-lis symbols – a symbolic
flower shape used in heraldry by French royalty – and the royal crown [Credit: Global Marine Exploration, Inc.]

Others disagree with Pritchett, who believes the items did not come from Ribault’s armada.

According to Chuck Meide, a marine archaeologist, and John de Bry, director of the Center for Historical Archaeology in Melbourne Beach, the evidence is obvious that GME has really discovered traces of the French captain’s lost ships.

“There is no question in my opinion,” Meide stated. He is the head of the marine archaeology program at the St. Augustine Lighthouse & Museum, and he led a hunt for the fleet in 2014. “There is no other record of a ship being lost off the coast of Cape Canaveral during this time period.”

According to De Bry, the wreck is Ribault’s flagship, La Trinite. According to eyewitness accounts, it sank in that vicinity, and one survivor stated that it carried many stone memorials identical to the one built near Fort Caroline three years previously.

“It’s perhaps the most significant undersea archaeological discovery in North America, no matter how you look at it,” de Bry said.

If the wrecks are actually French battleships, what happens to the relics will have far-reaching consequences.

Despite the fact that 451 years have passed, France might claim possession of the wreck and its contents.

USA wrecks06
Divers from Global Marine Exploration, who explored the wrecks off Cape Canaveral in May and June this year, also found the remains of several large anchors [Credit: Global Marine Exploration, Inc.]

Meide and de Bry later worked on a French wreck off the coast of Texas; in that case, France seized possession of the wreck but allowed the antiquities to remain in Texas.

Meide and de Bry both stated that they have spoken with French archaeologists who are enthused about the Canaveral discovery and want to be a part of whatever expedition is launched next.

GME, a for-profit corporation based in Tampa, has applied to the state for permission to recover the items that it had placed in the sand. According to a corporate news statement, once the objects are retrieved, they will be “scientifically conserved” in the firm’s lab.

The state is aware of the reported find and is reviewing the next step, said Meredith M. Beatrice, director of communications with the Florida Department of State.

The state “is also in contact with the French government and other stakeholders to ensure compliance with any applicable laws, such as the federal Sunken Military Craft Act,” she said in a statement.

Prichett said it’s a matter of some urgency, given that looters may now be drawn to the wreck.

“I hope the governor steps up and does the right thing … The state should have this in a museum,” he said. “This changed the history of the state of Florida.”

Author: Matt Soergel | Source: The Florida Times-Union, Jacksonville [August 18, 2016]

Source: https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2016/08/16th-century-shipwrecks-found-off-cape.html

Pharaonic Boat Burial Discovered by Archaeologists in Abydos

An multinational team of archaeologists lead by Dr. Josef Wegner of the University of Pennsylvania’s Penn Museum.

“Archaeologists have long recognized the ancient Egyptian practice of burying boats in association with royal funerary complexes. Variable preservation, paired with the only partial investigation of most royal mortuary sites, however, has produced a still limited picture of the development of this long-lived tradition,”

Dr. Wegner

“Boat burials associated with pharaonic royal tombs are well known from a set of disassembled vessels buried near to the Khufu pyramid at Giza.”

The newly found boat burial is located about 213 feet (65 meters) east of the entrance of Pharaoh Senwosret III’s subterranean tomb (also written as Senusret III).

2 Pharaonic Boat Burial Discovered by Archaeologists in Abydos
Top: interior of the boat building. Bottom: inner wall with preserved section of vault and remnants of the brick packing in situ on the exterior. Image credit: Josef Wegner.

“Since 1994, excavations of the Penn Museum have been undertaken at the Senwosret III burial complex in collaboration with Egypt’s Ministry of State for Antiquities,” Dr. Wegner added.

“This site is a multi-component, state-planned funerary complex that contains a mortuary temple, a linked urban site, administrative and production sectors, and a mortuary temple.”

“The Senwosret III complex is located in the low desert, spanning approximately 2,625 feet (800 m) between the edge of the Nile delta and the foot of the high desert cliffs.”

“The temple and village components were created for the long-term maintenance of a funerary cult, ostensibly centred on a 590 foot (180 m) long subterranean tomb with its entrance inside a T-shaped enclosure that encompasses approximately 1.8 acres at the base of the high desert cliffs.”

“In ancient times, the location of this royal tomb was known as the ‘Mountain of Anubis,’ while the mortuary complex as a whole held the institutional designation: Enduring-are-the-Places-of-Khakaure-justified-in-Abydos.”

The boat is exceedingly well constructed and an excellent example of pharaonic mudbrick design.

“The structure is made of large-format mud bricks that measure 0.65 x 1.35 x 0.4 feet (0.2 x 0.4 x 0.12 m),” Dr. Wegner explained.

“These bricks are the same size and composition as those used in the enclosure walls and other elements of Senwosret III’s tomb enclosure.”

“The structure is built into the desert subsoil, with massive main walls made of two rows of bricks and a plastered, gypsum-coated inner surface.” The walls are built on a harder, compact gebel, or desert subsoil.”

According to the researchers, only nine wooden boards remain from the original pharaonic boat.

“Surviving planking parts appear to stem from a roughly 65 foot (20 m) long boat that was buried complete but subsequently deconstructed for reuse of the wood,” Dr. Wegner explained.

“Although the dry desert climate should have contributed to great preservation quality, these wood elements are in extremely frail state.” The majority of the wood mass had been eaten by white ants, leaving a frass shell.”

“Two of the better-preserved boards are presumably cedar (Cedrus libani), and exhibit the same grain and texture as cedar documented in other usage in the royal necropolis of South Abydos.”

“These boards feature gypsum plaster covering remnants that appear to have been intended as a backing for a painted surface, albeit no color was saved.”

“It’s possible that they are decking or cabin pieces.”

The most notable aspect of the boat building is its decoration, which has numerous etched pictures of pharaonic watercraft, totalling more than 120 distinct boats, forming an informally organized tableau spanning over a total length of 82 feet (25 m) on the side walls and end wall.

3 Pharaonic Boat Burial Discovered by Archaeologists in Abydos
The watercraft tableau as preserved on the boat building’s north (above) and south (below) side walls. Image credit: Josef Wegner.

“The astonishing concentration of boat drawings in the structure is unique and was enormously surprised to uncover,” Dr. Wegner said.

“It’s also apparent that there were previously many more boats adorning the vaulted top of the structure.” The incongruous location of watercraft in the desert raises a slew of concerns and puzzles that need answers.”

“The makers of this boat tableau might be persons engaged in the vessel’s initial transfer and installation in the structure.” “Perhaps these were participants in the rites, which were likely funeral in nature and may have accompanied the boat burial,” he said.

More than 145 ceramic vessels were also discovered, all of which were buried with their necks facing the entrance to the ceremonial boat burial.

4 Pharaonic Boat Burial Discovered by Archaeologists in Abydos
Top: brick blocking and central trench with pottery deposit extending up to the building’s entrance. Bottom: examples of Nile-silt storage jars from the boat building entrance deposit. Image credit: Josef Wegner.

“The containers are necked liquid storage jars, sometimes referred to as ‘beer jars,’ although they are likely used for storing and transporting a range of liquids,” Dr. Wegner explained.

“The morphology of the neck and rims dates these instances to the late 12th Dynasty (1850-1750 BC), verifying the contemporaneity of the boat construction, boat burial within it, and Senwosret III’s funeral enclosure.”

“A tiny percentage of the vessels (less than 5%) had a reddish brown, crusty residue within the mouth and in the sand immediately around the neck, indicating that they were flipped over when full of liquid contents.” Chemical examination of these organic materials has not yet been completed, but may suggest the storage of liquids other than water in a small number of jars.”

“Further excavations at the site may find further boats, as well as other characteristics associated with the burial rites of Senwosret III, or the other monarchs who were buried in the royal necropolis at South Abydos between around 1850 and 1600 BC,” Dr. Wegner continued.

Cork city has unearthed a 1,000-year-old Viking sword.

Archaeologists unearthed a 1,000-year-old Viking weaver’s sword at the historic site of the ancient Beamish and Crawford brewery in Cork city.

Cork city has unearthed a 1,000-year-old Viking sword.
The weaver’s sword discovered at the former Beamish and Crawford brewery in Cork city

The wooden sword is somewhat more than 30cm long, made completely of yew, and has carved human faces typical of the Ringerike type of Viking art, dating it to the late 11th century.

It was one of numerous artifacts of “outstanding value” discovered during recent excavations at the South Main Street site, which also revealed entire ground plans of 19 Viking dwellings, traces of central hearths, and bedding material, according to consultant archaeologist Dr Maurice Hurley.

“For a long time, it was assumed that the largest Viking effect was on Dublin and Waterford,” he added. “However, the complete spectrum of data reveals that Cork was in the same cultural sphere and that its growth was extremely comparable.”

2 Cork city has unearthed a 1000 year old Viking sword
The 1,000-year-old, perfectly preserved Viking sword is made entirely from yew

“A few pieces comparable to the weaver’s sword have been unearthed in Wood Quay [IN DUBLIN], but nothing of the degree of craftsmanship and preservation of this one,” Dr Hurley said, adding that it was “quite astonishing” that the different wooden artefacts had survived below in such excellent form.

“The sword was most likely employed by women to pound threads into place on a loom; the pointed end was used to pick up threads for pattern-making.” “Every functional product was adorned by the Vikings,” he remarked.

Another artifact discovered was a wooden thread-winder engraved with two horses’ heads, which was likewise related with fabric weaving.

Dr. Hurley’s eight-month archaeological dig concluded in June, but developers BAM Ireland have not said when construction would begin or stop at the site.

The site’s plans for a 6,000-seat multi-functional events center have been plagued by architectural modifications, delays, and large budget overruns, with current estimates suggesting the project might cost more than €73 million.

3 Cork city has unearthed a 1000 year old Viking sword
The carved handle is typical of the Ringerike style of Viking art, dating it roughly to the late 11th century
4 Cork city has unearthed a 1000 year old Viking sword
Detail of owl’s head carved on the handle

So far, BAM Ireland and its partners Live Nation have agreed to contribute €33 million to the project, with the Government paying $12 million and Cork City Council contributing $8 million. BAM Ireland has urged Finance Minister Paschal Donohoe to include an additional €12 million in capital development funding in the next budget.

Cork Lord Mayor Cllr Tony Fitzgerald described holding a Viking dagger that had been buried for so long as a “wonderful experience.”

“The dew on the dagger was fresh; it was in fantastic condition,” he added, expecting “extremely high public interest” when the objects go on exhibit, which may happen as soon as February 2018.

Conservationists at the National Museum of Ireland are now doing post-excavation investigation on the Viking artifacts.

Daniel Breen, Curator of Cork Public Museum, stated he would love to organize an exhibition on Cork’s Viking impact, but that “it’s early days yet; exposure to too much oxygen would be hazardous without chemical treatment beforehand.”

Hidden Chambers, an Unexcavated Mound, and Endless Denial: The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover-Up

Egypt was still the major magnet for archaeologists looking for answers in 1935. It had only been a little more than a decade since British Egyptologist Howard Carter discovered Tutankhamen’s tomb on November 4, 1922, after it had remained almost undisturbed for over 3,000 years. However, it is yet another incredible story that has to be examined. However, our attention is currently focused on the newest attempt to conceal the true ancient history of an unknown civilisation that left us with amazing wonders both above and below the Giza Plateau’s sands.

2 Hidden Chambers an Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up
The moment Howard Carter opens the tomb of Tutankhamun

Egypt’s Lost City Has Been Discovered

The earliest reports of a “Secret City” appeared in the World Press during the first week of March 1935. By July of that year, much more had been discovered, and the Sunday Express published a story by Edward Armytage, who had just returned to England from Egypt, where he had seen the excavation of an ancient Egyptian metropolis considered to be 4000 years old at the time.

3 Hidden Chambers an Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up
The unearthing of a lost city in Egypt was reported in many papers in 1935, including this report in the Sunday Express on 7 July, 1935 (public domain)

Silence in the media

and there was stillness, as if every surviving Egyptologist had lost interest in this fantastic underground metropolis. All of their subsequent publications focussed on tombs of queens and shafts that had sunk deep into the earth to burial tombs somewhere during the 24th Dynasty, which lasted from 732 BC to 716 BC. It’s strange that such a massive find of a whole underground city dating back at least 4,000 years was entirely neglected in favor of a late time Dynasty that virtually went unnoticed.

Previous Discoveries Are Denied

That was eighty years ago, and today we face a similar ‘rose granite block wall’ in the person of former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs, Zahi Hawass, who held that position until Egypt’s revolution in 2011 toppled Hosni Mubarak—and also ended Hawass’ controversial reign as Egypt’s supreme chief of all antiquities. He does, however, still have his ‘finger in the pie,’ so to speak. Much has been written about the Egyptian ‘Indiana Jones,’ who smiles one moment and becomes enraged the next when he is asked an unwanted question. This aspect of his personality is widely chronicled in the book “Breaking the Mirror of Heaven” by Robert Bauval and Ahmed Osman.

However, such a disposition does not explain why Zahi Hawass has publicly said that there is nothing below the Sphinx, not a single tunnel or chamber, despite several images of him entering descending shafts from the Sphinx’s head and another at the extreme back of the Lion Body. Are we meant to entirely ignore everything we’ve seen in the past and accept such denials without question?

Photographic evidence contradicts statements

He reportedly dismissed inquiries about underground tunnels underneath the Giza Plateau and rooms beneath the Sphinx by claiming that it was impossible to investigate farther since the chambers were either closed or full with water. That might be the case, yet one of the photographs showing a back descending shaft from the side of the Sphinx shows that the floor deep below is relatively dry.

We do know that Hawass climbed down ladders from the Sphinx’s rear entrance, into a deep chamber on a middle layer, and then even further down to a bottom chamber that apparently contained a very large sarcophagus and was filled with water, because these scenes are all featured in a Fox documentary film. It’s difficult to conceive how he could ever believe he could subsequently repudiate what he’d achieved.

4 Hidden Chambers an Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up
Zawi Hawass descending down a shaft towards a chamber filled with water that contained a large sarcophagus.

A Glitch in the Sphinx’s Head

Vivant Denon carved a picture of the Sphinx in 1798, albeit he didn’t copy it very well. He did, however, know that there was a hole on the top of its skull since he had sketched an image of a guy being dragged out.

Hidden Chambers, an Unexcavated Mound, and Endless Denial: The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover-Up
Vivant Denon’s sketch of the sphinx in 1798 depicts a man being pulled out of a hole in the sphinx’s head (public domain)

A drawing is hardly proof, but an aerial shot of the Sphinx taken from a hot air balloon in the 1920s revealed that there is such an entrance on the top of its head.

5 Hidden Chambers an Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up
1920s aerial photo shows a hole in the sphinx’s head

The Sphinx’s Head Mysteries

The completely different construction materials and color of the Sphinx head, which we believe is not rock but some type of man-made substance, compared to its limestone and eroded body, indicate that the Sphinx’s head and face must have been changed from its original shape long after the monument was first carved. When compared to its body, the head has almost little erosion.

The sides of the headdress are fairly smooth, and a quick glance at the legendary creature reveals that the torso is lighter in color than the head.

According to Tony Bushby’s “The Secret in the Bible,” a severely fragmented describes a story that may easily be understood as happening at Giza and includes a beast with a lion head and a tunnel entrance buried by sand. Everything currently indicates to the Sphinx body being carved out of natural stone during a period of regular severe rains, which corresponds to the time period predicted by Robert Bauval and Robert Schoch for the construction of the Orion’s Belt Pyramids, i.e. around 10,450 BC.

6 Hidden Chambers an Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up
The head of the sphinx appears to be made from different material to the rest of the body, and does not show the same level of erosion as the rest of the body

Sphinxes on both sides?

Sketches of the Giza (the term Gisa in Ancient Egyptian means ‘Hewn Stone’) complex date back to 1665, and some depict two heads peeping out of the dunes, one with feminine characteristics.

7 Hidden Chambers an Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up
The Great Sphinx of Giza in Olfert Dapper, Description de l’Afrique (1665)- note the depiction of two sphinxes

It was common practice in ancient Egypt to inscribe two lions, known as Akerw, next to their entryway for divine protection, and this would bring us right to a mound near the sphinx, which Gerry has discovered and measured. Is it possible that this mound contains the buried body of a second sphinx?

The Egyptian authorities would have welcomed a massive, covered form so near to the Sphinx, but Hawass and Mark Lehner, according to a credible source, refused to listen to his hypothesis.

8 Hidden Chambers an Unexcavated Mound and Endless Denial The Big Egyptian Sphinx Cover Up
Giza Plateau with proposed buried second sphinx mound encircled.

Gerry had called someone at a prestigious institute in Cairo that has technology capable of detecting items beneath the sand. That individual applied for a permit to explore the mound with the then-Supreme Council of Antiquities, but they did not react. No one else appears to have been granted a permit to study the exact section of the mound where we believe a Second Sphinx may be discovered. Without a doubt, they had a motive!

Why is there such denial?

Why would those two Egyptologists be so concerned about the possibility of discovering something that had been missing for centuries? Is it conceivable they don’t want to expose what’s behind that mound? It is not rational for anyone to oppose to any form of probe or even a simple aerial snapshot being taken, which may lead to the discovery of yet another great wonder of the world, attracting many thousands more tourists to Egypt. They won’t even confess to ever having studied the mystery mound, and if they had, they would have been the first to admit it.

Zahi Hawass met with the Foreign Press Association in Cairo a few years ago to express his displeasure with a group of pseudo-scientists whose personal attacks on him via television and other media had escalated to the point of becoming frightening. He was apparently concerned that an NBC interview would endorse and publicize their plans, which he claims were just for personal benefit.

He allegedly stated in a statement:

“I’d want to talk about things that don’t make sense,” she says.

His gesture indicated his growing dissatisfaction with what he referred to as “pyramidiots” — people who hold ideas that are diametrically opposed to those of the mainstream scientific community.

“They claim that covert excavations…are taking place surrounding the Sphinx but are not being revealed.” This is categorically not the case.”

Zahi Hawass is not only a superb showman and maybe the most informed person in the world about ancient Egypt, but he has also done a lot to promote tourism in his nation. He does, however, appear to have a goal, which is to maintain the traditional view of ancient Egyptian history, regardless of how many fresh discoveries contradict what is generally considered to be accurate.

Source: ANCIENT-ORIGINS.NET

The Roswell Rock: An Extraterrestrial Message Or An Alien Key?

An intriguing item unearthed near one of the Roswell crash sites is reported to have unusual qualities. Is it a message or a key from another planet?

Robert L. Ridge, the 56-year-old proprietor of a body business in Roswell, New Mexico, started bow hunting in 2004. He had no idea he’d come across a bizarre relic that has since been called the Roswell Rock.

Robert saw a tiny boulder coated in soil while surveying a remote location for prospective food on September 4. Bob thought he’d uncovered something remarkable when he cleaned it and observed the unusual markings engraved on its surface. The designs were very similar to those seen in crop circles: two crescent moons connected at the corners.

Mr. Ridge said that the rock was so precisely machined that it could only have been created by intelligent and advanced creatures.

Because of its closeness to one of the two Roswell crash sites, the rock quickly became the focus of intense debates over its possible extraterrestrial origin. The unusual device has been inspected by several UFO experts, and it was even included in an episode of G. Tsoukalos’ Ancient Aliens. The Roswell Rock was subjected to a battery of tests that were unable to identify whether its origins were extraterrestrial or terrestrial.

2 The Roswell Rock An Extraterrestrial Message Or An Alien Key

The fact that the rock was discovered near the site where a flying saucer crashed (or was shot down) in 1947 might signify one of two things. It was either onboard the UFO and went unnoticed for 57 years until Robert nearly walked on it, or it was placed afterwards by a different extraterrestrial crew. If this is the case, it might imply that humans aren’t that unlike, and the Roswell Rock could act as a sort of memorial for their lost brethren.

There has been a lot of speculation about the chocolate-colored rock, with one of the most prevalent theories being that it is an extraterrestrial communication.

When we examine the carvings, we see a crescent with a smaller circle beneath it. This picture is mirrored, and they are both ringed and overlapped by a wider circle with diamond-like incisions in it.

Some speculate that the wider circle depicts an asteroid that will pass between the Moon and Earth, and that the aliens intended to leave behind a cryptic warning designed to rescue anyone was clever enough to comprehend the message.

Other conspiracy theorists claim that the outer circle is the Sun and the smaller circle including the Earth and the Moon is the planet Nibiru and that the rock signals huge changes are coming us.

According to another notion, the mirrored pictures might indicate the presence of a parallel universe that can be visited via a portal. In this situation, the rock may provide us with information regarding the presence of an unopened wormhole on Earth.

Even if we disregard these interpretations, the rock would remain enigmatic due to its strange magnetic properties.

Just have a look at the following video:

The fact that the identical markings emerged in a field near Chiseldon, U.K., 4,000 miles away from Roswell, in 1996, does little to assist answer the enigma of the rock.

On a conspiracy site, a lady claiming to be the daughter of a retired NORAD engineer stated that the first time she saw this rock, it aroused a profound emotional response in her and immediately reminded her of an occurrence when she was 7 years old:

"I went to a NORAD instillation with my father and his pals when I was quite little." My father and his associates were conducting experiments with unusually folded metal triangles as well as long rods or struts. I didn't see the exams; all I remember is them talking about them and how difficult it was to grasp this stuff."

"These items could be readily twisted and folded, yet they would revert to their original shape thereafter." They were perplexed as to why these items couldn't be cut, crushed, or melted using welding torches. If I recall properly, one metal triangle had a dip just off center that looked not just like this rock but may perhaps be a home for that sort of stone. […] This form of stone, as well as other types of items, were, as far as I recall, akin to keys, or so I heard them called..."

Is there any possibility we’ll ever locate the doorway it unlocks if this is a key?